Tax-Free vs. Tax-Deferred Plans
Investing in retirement usually involves a bit of strategy, which a team of financial advisors can help with. One topic the advisors will probably discuss is investing in tax-free accounts vs. tax-deferred plans.
What’s the difference and how does it affect retirement investments?
The money earned in the accounts will be tax free when withdrawn, as long as specific conditions are met. Common tax-free accounts include Roth IRAs, 529 College Savings Plans and Coverdell education savings accounts.
The money initially deposited into these accounts occurs post taxes, and these accounts are not included in income tax deductions. As the accounts earn interest, that interest will not be taxed when withdrawn according to the stipulations of the account.
These accounts will require the investor to pay taxes on the money withdrawn from the accounts, but not on the money earned through the investment each year.
Common types of tax-deferred accounts include IRAs and 401(k)s – typically offered as employer-sponsored retirement plans. Sometimes these accounts allow investors to contribute money through the employer prior to it being taxed as well.
Because the money in these accounts can accumulate without taxation, investors often have a goal to grow the money in the account faster.
Investors also may want to investigate with their team of advisors the option of rolling over a tax-deferred account into a tax-free account. When transferred, there will be taxation on the money coming from the tax-deferred account; however, it will be at the current tax prices and the current amount being transferred.
The thought is that once in the tax-free account, the money will continue to grow (as it did in the tax-deferred account), but when withdrawn at a later date, taxes will not have to be paid on a larger amount at a potentially higher tax rate.
Equity Trust holds a variety of IRAs, as well as other self-directed accounts, including:
- Traditional IRA
- Roth IRA
- Simple IRA
- SEP IRA
- Solo 401(k)
- Roth Solo 401(k)
- Health Savings Account (HSA)
- Coverdell Education Savings Account (CESA)
Some advantages of self-directed IRAs include:
- Tax-deferred or tax-free profits
- Investment diversity (it is possible to invest in an array of assets in your retirement account)
- Potentially building wealth for future beneficiaries
No. Per IRS guidelines, rollovers from a qualified plan can be rolled over into a traditional or Roth IRA. If the rollover is made directly to the Roth IRA, the transferred amount is subject to income taxation but avoids the 10-percent early distribution penalty. You should consult with your plan administrator regarding the permissible withdrawal options allowed under the tax-qualified plan.
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