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Health Savings Accounts

An HSA can reduce your health insurance premiums while you set aside funds to pay for current and future medical expenses.

HSA contributions are tax-deductible (subject to limitations), and withdrawals are tax-free when used for qualifying medical expenses.

If you want to take control of your health care costs—avoiding high premiums and complicated health plans—then an HSA could be the right plan for you.

These are just some of the benefits of an HSA:

  • Lower premium costs— by enrolling in a mandatory high deductible health plan you potentially reduce your monthly premiums.
  • Contributions are tax deductible (subject to limitations).
  • Contributions can be invested (similar to a self-directed IRA)—with a self-directed HSA, funds can be invested with the possibility of accumulating tax-free or tax-deferred profits in investments that you know best.
  • Distributions are tax-free when money is withdrawn to pay for qualified medical expenses.
  • Contributions can be carried over from one tax year to the next—unlike the “use it or lose it” requirement imposed upon flexible spending accounts.

Discover the Triple Tax Benefits of a Health Savings Account in Your FREE Guide

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Eligibility and Contribution Limits

In order to establish an HSA, an individual must first be covered under a high-deductible health plan (HDHP).

Furthermore, the individual cannot be enrolled in any other type of health insurance coverage unless such coverage is considered disregarded coverage.

Disregarded coverage includes insurance related to accident, disability, vision, dental care or long-term care. This also includes insurance providing coverage regarding a special disease or illness or insurance paying a fixed amount per day for hospitalization coverage.

An individual is not eligible for an HSA if the individual is enrolled in Medicare Part D or in any other Medicare benefit program. In addition, an individual is not eligible if they can be claimed as a dependent on someone else’s tax return.

It is important to note that an HDHP can offer either self-only or family coverage. Below are contribution limits and the requirements for eligibility.

2020 – HSA Contribution Limits

Health Savings Account (HSA) Contribution Limits
High Deductible
Health Plan Coverage
Standard Limit
(under age 55)
Catch-up Limit
(Age 55 – 65, 65 and older if you qualify)
Individual (Self Only)$3,550$4,500
Family$7,100$8,000
Health Plan Requirements
High Deductible
Health Plan Coverage
Minimum Deductible
of at Least:
Annual Out-of-Pocket Expense Limit
Individual (Self Only)$1,400$6,900
Family$2,800$13,800
2020 HSA Contribution Deadline is 4/15/2021.

2021 – HSA Contribution Limits

Health Savings Account (HSA) Contribution Limits
High Deductible
Health Plan Coverage
Standard Limit
(under age 55)
Catch-up Limit
(Age 55 – 65, 65 and older if you qualify)
Individual (Self Only)$3,600$4,550
Family$7,200$8,100
Health Plan Requirements
High Deductible
Health Plan Coverage
Minimum Deductible
of at Least:
Annual Out-of-Pocket Expense Limit
Individual (Self Only)$1,400$7,000
Family$2,800$14,000
2021 HSA Contribution Deadline is 4/15/2022.

For more HSA information see IRA Publication 969.


Health Savings Account FAQs