SIMPLE (Savings Incentive Match Plan for Employees)
The SIMPLE IRA is a plan for small businesses with 100 or fewer employees who have no other qualified plans. It's popular with investors who pay themselves less than $45,000 per year. With a SIMPLE plan, contributions are tax deductible, and earnings within the account are tax free until withdrawn.
SIMPLE IRA Contribution Limits
A SIMPLE IRA allows employee contributions of up to $12,500 if you are under age 50, and a catch up contribution of up to $15,500 if you are 50 or older in 2017.
Employers are generally required to match each employee's salary reduction contributions, on a dollar-for-dollar basis, up to 3% of the employee's compensation.
You can deduct SIMPLE IRA contributions for the tax year within which the contributions were made.
You can set up a SIMPLE IRA plan if you meet BOTH of the following requirements:
You meet the employee limit.
You do not maintain another qualified plan, unless the other plan is for collective bargaining employees.
You can set up a SIMPLE IRA plan only if you had 100 or fewer employees who received $5,000 or more in compensation from you for the preceding year. Under this rule, you must take into account all employees who were employed at any time during the calendar year, regardless of whether they're eligible to participate.
The SIMPLE IRA plan generally must be the only retirement plan to which you make contributions, or to which benefits accrue, for service in any year beginning with the year in which the SIMPLE IRA plan becomes effective.