SEP (Simplified Employee Pension)
Designed for self-employed individuals and small business owners (typically with up to 25 employees), the SEP IRA allows an annual contribution of up to $54,000 in 2017. Contributions to a SEP are tax deductible, and earnings within the account are tax-free until withdrawn.
An employer may contribute up to 25% of each employee’s annual compensation (the maximum considered compensation is $270,000 for 2017.)
Any employer—whether a corporation, partnership, or self-employed individual—may establish the plan, even if there is only one employee. Employees must meet ALL of the following requirements:
Be at least 21 years of age;
Have worked for the business during any three of the past five years; and
Have earned the $600 annual minimum required compensation.
Spouses and children may also participate in the plan and open their own SEP IRAs—as long as they are employees of the company and meet the income requirements.